Metformin Mechanism of Action

Metformin is an anti-diabetic drug that has been taken by millions to control the effects of metabolic syndrome, e.g., diabetes. It is mainly used for reducing blood sugar levels in … Read more

DNA replication of prokaryotes

Prokaryotic DNA replication is an anabolic process by which prokaryotes duplicate their genomic DNA to transfer it to their daughter cells. DNA replication in prokaryotes especially in E. coli (model … Read more

Helicase vs Topoisomerase (DNA gyrase)

Recently, several studies have found the direct interactions between helicase and topoisomerase. However, several variations were found in their mode of functions. The major differences between helicase and topoisomerase Helicase … Read more

DNA replication in eukaryotes

Key points of  DNA replication in eukaryotes The genomic DNA of eukaryotic is 10 to 1000 times larger than the bacterial genomic DNA. The genomic DNA of eukaryotes is organized … Read more

DNA replication models

DNA replication is a process by which the genetic information stored in chromosomal DNA is transmitted from one generation to successive generations. Proper development of -organisms of succeeding generation can … Read more

DNA dependent DNA polymerase

Definition: The genetic material such as DNA is synthesized by an enzyme called DNA dependent DNA polymerase that uses parental DNA strands as templates and synthesizes the new DNA strands. … Read more

DNA as Genetic Material – Evidence

DNA as Genetic Material Griffith Transformation Experiments

DNA is a chemical substance that makes genes of all organisms ranging from prokaryotes (bacteria) to higher organisms (humans). Interestingly, the non-living organism such as virus also contains DNA as … Read more