Marker enzymes of cell organelles

Marker enzymes definition: Marker enzymes are biomarkers, which are not frequent but limited to and synthesized by specific cell organelles. Hence, the marker enzymes are used to find and isolate … Read more

What does the Lysosome do in a animal cell?

What does a Lysosome do in a animal cell

Lysosome Definition Lysosome is a membrane-enclosed cellular organelle that possesses distinct enzymes involved in the digestion of unwanted or damaged cellular polymers including proteins, DNA, RNA, carbohydrates, and lipids. Lysosomes … Read more

What does Mitochondria do in a cell?

Mitochondria function in animal cell-compressed

Mitochondria Definition Mitochondria are double membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelles found in all eukaryotic cells. They respire to generate an energy-rich molecule, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), through the breakdown of carbohydrates and fatty … Read more

DNA replication of prokaryotes

Prokaryotic DNA replication is an anabolic process by which prokaryotes duplicate their genomic DNA to transfer it to their daughter cells. DNA replication in prokaryotes especially in E. coli (model … Read more

Helicase vs Topoisomerase (DNA gyrase)

Recently, several studies have found the direct interactions between helicase and topoisomerase. However, several variations were found in their mode of functions. The major differences between helicase and topoisomerase Helicase … Read more

DNA replication in eukaryotes

Key points of  DNA replication in eukaryotes The genomic DNA of eukaryotic is 10 to 1000 times larger than the bacterial genomic DNA. The genomic DNA of eukaryotes is organized … Read more

DNA replication models

DNA replication is a process by which the genetic information stored in chromosomal DNA is transmitted from one generation to successive generations. Proper development of -organisms of succeeding generation can … Read more

DNA dependent DNA polymerase

Definition: The genetic material such as DNA is synthesized by an enzyme called DNA dependent DNA polymerase that uses parental DNA strands as templates and synthesizes the new DNA strands. … Read more