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Which of the following are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR)?

Q. Which of the following are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR)?

1. The receptor region is located on the extracellular portion of the protein.

2. GPCRs contain seven transmembrane domains that are embedded in the cell membrane.

3. They carry hydrophilic portions of protein that extend into the extracellular matrix as well as the cytosol.

4. G proteins are required for their function.

 

A. 1, 2, and 4 are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors.

B. 1, 2, and 3 are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors.

C. Only 1 and 2 are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors.

D. All of the listed statements are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors.

What are the characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR)?

Answer: D (All of the listed statements are characteristics of G protein-coupled receptors).

Explanation: GPCR contains seven hydrophobic transmembrane helices A, B, C, D, E, F, and G, which are interconnected by hydrophilic extramembrane loops. The protein part (receptor region) located on the extracellular portion of the cell membrane binds with ligand and transmits signals from this ligand to an intracellular molecule called a G protein (Guanine nucleotide-binding protein).

Hence, all the given options about G protein-coupled receptors are correct.

 

Read more about GPCR and its types.

 

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